This document describes briefly how to quickly deploy the Qualys Virtual Scanner Appliance in Alibaba Cloud from the Alibaba Marketplace. This scanner, once deployed, will function as a standard Virtual Scanner and can scan based on IP address or CIDR block.
Customers will have an active Qualys subscription.
Scanner personalization code (14 digits) obtained from your Qualys account. (Documentation)
Qualys Virtual Scanner Appliance VM must be able to reach the Qualys Cloud Platform over HTTPS port 443
What do I need to get started?
The Virtual Scanner option must be turned on for your account. Contact Qualys Support or your Technical Account Manager if you would like us to turn on this option for you.
You must be a Manager or a sub-user with the “Manage virtual scanner appliances” permission. This permission may be granted to Unit Managers. Your subscription may be configured to allow this permission to be granted to Scanners.
Configuration in Qualys
You'll add a new virtual scanner appliance and get your personalization code.
Go to Scans > Appliances and select New > Virtual Scanner Appliance. Choose "I have my image" and click Continue.
Give your scanner a name. If you’re a sub-user then you’ll need to pick an asset group that has been assigned to your business unit by a Manager user. Not seeing any asset groups? Please ask a Manager to assign an asset group (other than the All group) to your business unit.
Follow the on screen instructions to configure your virtual scanner and get your personalization code. You'll need this to launch your instance.
Configuration in Alibaba Cloud
To launch an instance from the Alibaba Cloud Marketplace:
1) Go to Qualys Virtual Scanner Appliance page in the Alibaba Marketplace, and login to your Alibaba Cloud account.
2) Launch the virtual scanner by selecting “Choose Your Plan”.
3) Use the wizard to enter the instance settings.
- Name your instance - Choose a distinctive name and label of your scanner
- Choose instance shape - Select shape that doesn’t exceed 16GB of RAM and 16 CPU Cores
Add SSH key - The Qualys Scanner appliance is a locked appliance, login into it is disabled. Leave the SSH key section empty
Under System Configurations, select the drop down "Advanced (based on instance RAM roles or cloud-init)"
- User data - use this field to set your Personalization code and Proxy (if required), in the following format:
If you have a domain user, the format is: domain\username:password@proxyhost:port
If authentication is not used, the format is: proxyhost:port
Where “proxyhost” is the IPv4 address or the FQDN of the proxy server.
- User data settings cannot be updated after deployment. If you need to alter the PERSCODE and/or PROXY_URL, you will have to redeploy the scanner
- You can keep the default storage size or you can increase it based on your requirements.
Once launched, the Virtual Appliance connects to the Qualys Cloud Platform
This step registers the Virtual Scanner Appliance with your Qualys account. Also your appliance will download all the latest software updates right away, so it’s ready for scanning.
Configuring Security Groups for your Virtual Scanner Appliance
- If you are using proxy server then ensure you have outbound rule allowing access on port 443 and the port used to communicate with proxy server.
- If scanner appliance has direct internet connectivity, then ensure that there is an outbound rule that allows access on port 443 to Qualys Security Operations Center (SOC) IP address. You can get the SOC IP address range by logging in to Qualys Portal and navigating to Help > About option.
- Scanner should be able to reach out to all the target instances for running the scan. It is recommended to configure outbound rule that allows access to all ports and subnets of the instances that the scanner is going to scan.
How do I know my scanner is ready to use?
Check your virtual scanner status in Qualys. Go to Scans > Appliances, and find your scanner in the list.
Tip - It can take several minutes for the Qualys user interface to get updated after you add a new appliance. Please refresh your browser periodically to ensure that you are seeing the most up to date details.
See the Help Center for Alibaba Cloud